France’s hawks are hoping for some miracle tipping point to take place in the Sahel. Their latest idea is to further escalate the counter-insurgency campaign with more boots on the ground in places like Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso and Chad. There is no place for economic development and a political path to solve the complex problems of the Sahel. There is not even a clear assessment on who the enemy is, and how big it is. In this podcast, Arezki Daoud looks at the prospects and consequences of escalating violence in the Sahel.