This is a presentation made by MEA Risk’s Arezki Daoud on understanding the sources of instability in the Sahel at a conference of faith-based organizations, held near Kansas City, Missouri, at the end of May […]
MEA Risk LLC wrote a new post, Sources of instability: Restive southeast Tunisia struggles with economic despair, on the site MEA Risk LLC 1 month, 3 weeks ago
MEA Risk – May 31, 2018: Economic Brief:: A parliamentary report released this week in Tunisia caught our attention because it addressed, in an honest way, the major issues facing the restive southeastern Tunisia, […]
MEA Risk LLC wrote a new post, Libya: Paris conference on Libya unlikely to yield positive outcome, on the site MEA Risk LLC 1 month, 3 weeks ago
May 31, 2018 – By Arezki Daoud, Lead Analyst, MEA Risk LLC: The headlines in some of the world’s media read as if something new happened in Paris this week. One of them says “Libyan factions agree to Dece […]
MEA Risk LLC wrote a new post, Sahel: Violence escalates, surge of communal conflicts, on the site MEA Risk LLC 1 month, 3 weeks ago
MEA Risk Security Brief – May 31, 2018: Violence in Mali continues to escalate, making dozens of deaths, including among Tuareg and Fulani civilians caught in a conflict that has no solution in sight. Over the […]
MEA Risk LLC wrote a new post, Algeria: More insurgents surrender as military renews call for amnesty, says MEA Risk, on the site MEA Risk LLC 2 months ago
MEA Risk LLC reports that four more Islamic insurgents surrendered to the army in the province of Tamanrasset in Algeria this week in a series of surrenders boosted by the military call for amnesty for those […]
MEA Risk LLC wrote a new post, Mozambique: Back to uncertainty as opposition leader dies before conclusion of peace talks, on the site MEA Risk LLC 2 months, 1 week ago
MEA Risk – May 16, 2018: News and political life in Mozambique over the past fortnight have been largely dominated by the unexpected death of Renamo leader Afonso Dhlakama on 3 May 2018. Dhlakama, one of the t […]
MEA Risk – May 14, 2018; For the period of 7 to 13 May 2018, there were 53 critical incidents in Nigeria, resulting in 134 deaths and 215 arrests. Incidents related to the Human & Social category and the […]
MEA Risk LLC is pleased to announce the release of its MEA Risk Heatmaps. The heatmaps are chroropleth maps that leverage the data from Critical Incidents Tracker to provide a clear visual understanding of the […]
MEA Risk LLC wrote a new post, Algerian army loses two more soldiers in new attack, puts troops on high alert along Mali border, on the site MEA Risk LLC 5 months ago
On 19 February, two Algerian soldiers were killed, and a third one was wounded after a roadside bomb was detonated by suspected Islamic insurgents during the passage of a military convoy in El Aich, in […]
No one seems to know what to do with Libya these days. French President Emmanuel Macron at least had the courage to say that the military intervention in Libya under President Nicolas Sarkozy, was a “serious […]
There has been a set back in the Algerian counter-terror offensive, after five soldiers were killed today (14 February) in a bomb explosion in Tebessa, near the Tunisian border. A large-scale sweeping operation […]
Tunisia continues to face several pain points that the government is struggling to contain. On the economic front, new data points confirm the tough start of the year for the country. Its foreign exchange r […]
MEA Risk LLC wrote a new post, Nigeria’s grazing wars are now deadlier than Boko Haram, on the site MEA Risk LLC 5 months, 1 week ago
Most people think of Boko Haram when they think of the top security problem facing Nigeria. That may be true until you learn more about one of the outcomes of the Boko Haram onslaught in northern Nigeria. Boko […]
Herder–farmer conflicts in NigeriaJump to navigation Jump to search
Herder–farmer conflicts in Nigeria usually involve disputes over land and/or cattle between herders (in particular the Fulani or Hausa) and farmers (for example the Tiv or Tarok).
Since the Fourth Nigerian Republic’s founding in 1999, farmer-herder violence has killed thousands of people and displaced tens of thousands more. It followed a trend in the increase of farmer-herder conflicts throughout much of the western Sahel, due to an expansion of agriculturist population and cultivated land at the expense of pasturelands; deteriorating environmental conditions, desertification and soil degradation; breakdown in traditional conflict resolution mechanisms of land and water disputes; and proliferation of small arms and crime in rural areas. Insecurity and violence have led many populations to create self-defence forces and ethnic militias, which have engaged in further violence. The majority of farmer-herder clashes have occurred between Muslim Fulani herdsmen and Christian peasants, exacerbating ethnoreligious hostilities.
According to the Global Terrorism Index, Fulani militants were the fourth deadliest terrorist group in 2014, using machine guns and attacks on villages to assault and intimidate farmers. After killing around 80 people in total from 2010 to 2013, they killed 1,229 in 2014. Most deaths occurred in the Nigerian Middle Belt, in particular in the states of Benue, Kaduna, Nasarawa, Plateau and Taraba, which recorded 847 deaths. The state of Zamfara, in the northern belt, recorded 229 deaths. In addition to terrorist attacks, Fulani militants were also involved in non-state armed conflicts with groups from Eggon, Jukun and Tiv farming communities. These conflicts resulted in 712 deaths.
- Communal conflicts in Nigeria
- Fulani herdsmen
- Sudanese nomadic conflicts
- Nimbo massacre
- Agatu massacres
- "KILLINGS IN BENUE, PLATEAU AND TARABA STATES". Archived from the original on 2015-07-27.
- "My Land, Not Your Land. Farmer-Herder Wars in the Sahel". Foreign Affairs. 21 August 2015.
- "Farmer-Herder Clashes Amplify Challenge for Beleaguered Nigerian Security". IPI Global Observatory. 16 July 2015.
- "Global Terrorism Index 2015" (PDF). Institute for Economics and Peace. pp. 43–44.
- Muslim Fulani Herdsmen Massacres Reach Southern Nigeria, Morning Star News. April 27, 2016
- Fulani Herdsmen Massacre 40 Farmers in Enugu. Tori.ng; posted by Thandiubani on Tue 26th Apr, 2016
- Nigeria's Plateau state clashes leave 86 dead
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MEA Risk LLC wrote a new post, Kidnappings, insurgencies, and grazing wars: Nigeria’s escalating domestic crises, on the site MEA Risk LLC 6 months ago
Nigeria’s MEA Risk stability rating fluctuates from week to week between moderate-risk and high-risk zone, leaning more to the latter considering the plethora of domestic security issues it is facing. For the w […]
For the period of 11 to 17 December 2017, there were 55 critical incidents in Nigeria, resulting in 36 deaths and 63 arrests. Criminality accounted for nearly 35%, followed by Security-related incidents with […]
In the period between 7 and 13 December 2017, there were 83 critical incidents in Algeria, resulting in eight deaths and 480 arrests, including 267 immigrants, 97 drug traffickers and 38 contraband […]
MEA Risk LLC wrote a new post, MEA Risk Analyst Arezki Daoud speaks of Maghreb security and counter-terror strategies, on the site MEA Risk LLC 7 months, 2 weeks ago
On December 4, 2017, MEA Risk Analyst and North Africa Journal Editor, Arezki Daoud spoke at the Washington DC headquarters of the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) on Algeria and Morocco’s […]
MEA Risk LLC wrote a new post, Nigeria week in review – podcast summary for week ending Aug. 27, 2017, on the site MEA Risk LLC 11 months ago
This 8eight-min podcast reviews Nigeria’s political and security environment for the week ending 27 August 2017. Listen here, on iTunes, Google Play or download audio file while on the go.
MEA Risk LLC wrote a new post, Egypt: Insurgency-military conflict intensifies, with July 2017 showing new records, on the site MEA Risk LLC 11 months, 2 weeks ago
Egypt is witnessing a broad reduction in the number of critical incidents on the year-over-year basis, as tracked by MEA Risk’s Critical Incidents Tracker. Compared to July 2016, the number of incidents c […]
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